Individual Differences MCQs

Individual Differences practice MCQs 2015-16

The Role Construct Repertory test, or rep grid test, was developed by George Kelly to help clients in which context?

    1. Forensic
    2. Cultural
    3. Occupational
    4. Clinical
    5. Educational

Which factors appear in both Eysenck’s three-factor theory of personality and the Big Five?

    1. Neuroticism and psychoticism
    2. Openness and neuroticism
    3. Neuroticism and extraversion
    4. Extraversion and psychoticism
    5. Psychoticism and openness

In what situation is it likely to be an advantage to you to be a pessimist rather than an optimist?

    1. When there is no solution to a stressful situation
    2. When you need to maintain positive health habits like regular exercise
    3. When social support is needed to solve a problem
    4. When you have a family history of depression
    5. When you are in an environment with a lot of infectious diseases

According to Eysenck’s biological theory of the basis of extraversion, which of the following is true?

    1. Introverts have a low level of arousal in response to stimuli
    2. Introverts have a high level of arousal in response to stimuli
    3. Extraverts have an imbalance in the excitatory and inhibitory systems
    4. Introverts have an imbalance in the excitatory and inhibitory systems
    5. Introverts seek out a lot of stimulation

According to Ridley (1999), concordance rates of IQ scores are 86% for identical twins reared together and 55% for fraternal twins reared together. What does this tell us about IQ scores?

    1. IQ scores are entirely determined by genetics
    2. IQ scores entirely determined by shared environment
    3. IQ scores are at least partly determined by genetics
    4. Nutrition has an effect on IQ scores
    5. The IQ scores of people who look alike are more similar than the IQ scores of people who don’t look alike

A psychologist is working on a theory of phobias. She already knows that level of fear of buttons is predicted by gender and level of fear or zips, and in a new experiment she finds that it is also predicted by shoe size. This is an example of:

    1. Moderation
    2. Mediation
    3. Theory broadening
    4. Theory deepening
    5. Interaction

According to Lazarus and colleagues’ transactional model of stress, stress occurs when there is an imbalance between:

    1. Actual capabilities and perceived capabilities
    2. Perceived capabilities and emotional experience
    3. Perceived capabilities and actual demands
    4. Perceived capabilities and perceived demands
    5. Actual capabilities and emotional experience

Which of the following has NOT been a criticism of the psychometric approach to intelligence testing?

    1. It is reductionist
    2. It is based on very little research
    3. Results vary depending on which types of test are used
    4. It is culturally biased
    5. It is difficult to interpret emerging factors

What is the behavioural signature of personality?

    1. An individual’s consistency of behaviour across specific situations
    2. The meaning that we attach to our environments
    3. An aggregate measure of a particular behaviour across situations
    4. The collection of expectations and beliefs that we have about a particular situation
    5. An individual’s ability to self-regulate behaviour

 


 

ANSWERS

The Role Construct Repertory test, or rep grid test, was developed by George Kelly to help clients in which context?

    1. Forensic
    2. Cultural
    3. Occupational
    4. Clinical
    5. Educational

Which factors appear in both Eysenck’s three-factor theory of personality and the Big Five?

    1. Neuroticism and psychoticism
    2. Openness and neuroticism
    3. Neuroticism and extraversion
    4. Extraversion and psychoticism
    5. Psychoticism and openness

In what situation is it likely to be an advantage to you to be a pessimist rather than an optimist?

    1. When there is no solution to a stressful situation
    2. When you need to maintain positive health habits like regular exercise
    3. When social support is needed to solve a problem
    4. When you have a family history of depression
    5. When you are in an environment with a lot of infectious diseases

According to Eysenck’s biological theory of the basis of extraversion, which of the following is true?

    1. Introverts have a low level of arousal in response to stimuli
    2. Introverts have a high level of arousal in response to stimuli
    3. Extraverts have an imbalance in the excitatory and inhibitory systems
    4. Introverts have an imbalance in the excitatory and inhibitory systems
    5. Introverts seek out a lot of stimulation

According to Ridley (1999), concordance rates of IQ scores are 86% for identical twins reared together and 55% for fraternal twins reared together. What does this tell us about IQ scores?

    1. IQ scores are entirely determined by genetics
    2. IQ scores entirely determined by shared environment
    3. IQ scores are at least partly determined by genetics
    4. Nutrition has an effect on IQ scores
    5. The IQ scores of people who look alike are more similar than the IQ scores of people who don’t look alike

A psychologist is working on a theory of phobias. She already knows that level of fear of buttons is predicted by gender and level of fear or zips, and in a new experiment she finds that it is also predicted by shoe size. This is an example of:

    1. Moderation
    2. Mediation
    3. Theory broadening
    4. Theory deepening
    5. Interaction

According to Lazarus and colleagues’ transactional model of stress, stress occurs when there is an imbalance between:

    1. Actual capabilities and perceived capabilities
    2. Perceived capabilities and emotional experience
    3. Perceived capabilities and actual demands
    4. Perceived capabilities and perceived demands
    5. Actual capabilities and emotional experience

Which of the following has NOT been a criticism of the psychometric approach to intelligence testing?

    1. It is reductionist
    2. It is based on very little research
    3. Results vary depending on which types of test are used
    4. It is culturally biased
    5. It is difficult to interpret emerging factors

What is the behavioural signature of personality?

    1. An individual’s consistency of behaviour across specific situations
    2. The meaning that we attach to our environments
    3. An aggregate measure of a particular behaviour across situations
    4. The collection of expectations and beliefs that we have about a particular situation
    5. An individual’s ability to self-regulate behaviour